Monday, May 25, 2020
Compensation and Benefit Systems Intrinsic Compensation and Discretionary Benefits Intrinsic compensation refers to ability of workers to gain pleasure from their accomplishments of their daily activities. This pleasure acts as their reward or compensation of what they have individually done. This has the effect of making the workers enjoy their tasks. On the other hand, workers sometimes receive rewards on top of their salary or wages. These rewards are not mandatory for one to receive. These kinds of additional rewards are referred to as Discretionary benefits. Strategic Analysis This refers to the act of identifying the strong points of a given business venture position, and comprehending the outward factors that have a directÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This they do so by giving the employees an incentive as a compensation for their skills gained or the quality of education they have referred to as pay-for-knowledge. Profit Sharing Plans Profit sharing plans provides the employers with various flexibilities and freedom in decision making in matters of contributions. The three profit sharing plans include: traditional profit sharing plans, age-weighted and new comparability profits sharing plans, and 401(k) plans. Traditional profit sharing is based on the salary proportions method. It helps assigning the employer contributions to all parties that took part on equal basis method. Age-weighted profit sharing plan, assign contributions with reference to age and the salary or wages of qualified employees. The older parties get a larger proportion in comparison to the younger members. On the other hand, new comparability helps employer to classify the workers on the matter of assigning contributions. 401 (k) plans is a profit sharing plan that gives the employees room for postponing various compensations with the aim of evading present taxes on their incomes. Management by Objective This refers to an action whereby, the employees and the employer commonly participate in goal identification as well as setting the desired goals, identification of standards to be used in evaluating performance, and the expected contributions. Benchmarking a job calls for identification of the job and creation of theShow MoreRelatedHr Comp Benefits684 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesGovernment? | | A. Civil Rights Act of 1991 | | | B. Equal Pay Act of 1938 | | | C. Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 | | | D. Davis-Bacon Act of 1931 | | Answer Key: D | | | Question 2 of 15 | 10.0/ 10.0 Points | Which type of compensation program is based, in part, on the human capital theory? | | A. merit pay | | | B. seniority pay | | | C. incentive pay | | | D. skill-based pay | | Answer Key: B | | | Question 3 of 15 | 10.0/ 10.0 Points | What type of pay shouldRead MoreBenefits And Benefits Of Employee Benefits1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesemployee benefits can help motivate individuals to labor more productively. Improving employee workplace behavior is a challenging task that most companies face when attempting to create a positive work environment, which will increase performance and positive behavior within the organization. By integrating employee benefits, employers will receives increased levels of motivation and drive from staff to achieve business objectives. Employee benefits are nonmonetary rewards known as discretionary benefitsRead MoreEmployee Motivation For An Organization1646 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesorganisations and employers wish to maximise employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ effort on its work and therefore enhance organisational performance. According to Armstrong (2012:50), high-performance is accomplished by well-motivated people who are prepared to exercise discretionary effort. Therefore, it is critical for the organisation to find a pathway to motivate its employees. Some scholars state that employee motivation can be encouraged by offering appropriate rewards and establish systematic reward systems (AmstrongRead MorePlan Management1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesorganization structure that leads to an employment deal for competencies, demographics, and values. With that employment deal it leads to a total reward strategy with pay, benefit, learning and development, and a good work environment. The basic salaries of the project team members wi ll not be changed. However, special compensation will be given for their overtime and travels related to the project. After the project is completed, all team members will be evaluated and those who will receive satisfactoryRead MoreManaging Editor, By Distributing Human Resources, Process Of Planning, Recruiting, Selecting, And Training7066 Words Ã |Ã 29 Pagesinformal discussions and recommendations during the initial assessment. From there, the candidatesÃ¢â¬â¢ substantive assessments included job knowledge tests, performance appraisals, and promotability ratings. Then, the finalists received job offers after discretionary assessments. The external selection process started with applicants, who passed onto the next stage, becoming candidates, after the initial assessments evaluated which applicants met the minimum qualifications and predicted the best performersRead MoreAnalysis Of George Elton Mayo And His Work Essay5478 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagessatisfaction includes energy, enthusiasm and positive affect (Penna, 2007; Macey and Schneider, 2008). However, job satisfaction differs from engagement in that job satisfaction is a response to the overall employment exchange (including compensation and benefits) and does not reflect a long term affect (Fernandez, 2007). Satisfaction is considered a lower threshold than engagement as employees can be satisfied with a job due to different reasons (pay, logistics, etc.) but that does not guaranteeRead MoreArticle Review - Achieving Organisational Prosperity Through Employee Motivation and Retention: a Comparative Study of Strategic Hrm Practices in Malaysian Institutions26 94 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesthe role behaviours of employees. The fifth part touches on discussion of the research findings before the conclusion in the final part. All subjects were compared on six core HR practices, namely recruitment and selection, salary and compensation, fringe benefits, training and development, performance appraisal and promotion and career advancement. Both the American and European MNCs were very careful in recruiting new employee. Their HR managers work closely with line department managers in settingRead More Incentive Pay, Employee Performance and Employee Productivity3079 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesflexible incentive pay programs. Careful design of incentive pays program and rules of administration are crucial to the effective management of an organization. Incentive Pay and Purpose of Incentive Pay System Incentive pay is a form of direct compensation where employers pay for performance beyond the normal expectations to motivate employees to perform at higher levels. (www.uslegal.com, 2001-2014). Employers are practicing the incentive pay systems to promote employees particular behavior andRead MoreEmployee Engagement1948 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescustomer satisfaction and employee loyalty. These employees will record reduced sick days and absenteeism and have increased operational performances leading to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s higher profit growth. When employees care and are engaged, they use discretionary effort. An example is when an IT technician will stay in late without being asked or an accountant filling in for front office personnel when they step out. Engagement is often headed by top rank leaders. An organization with aggressive leadersRead MoreCompensating Sales Force6663 Words Ã |Ã 27 PagesCOMPENSATING SALES FORCE Sales is one of the few jobs where you earn your money Ã¢â¬â every day. COMPENSATION IS MORE THAN MONEY Any type of sales organization can reward sales performance in three fundamental and interrelated ways: 1. Direct financial rewards. 2. Career advancement and personal development opportunities. 3. Nonfinancial compensation. Why is it important? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Sales activities are the life blood of most business Ã¢â¬ ¢ Most misunderstood aspects of running a business Ã¢â¬ ¢ Tricky
Thursday, May 14, 2020
A woman is walking through a dark alley. She has a bag full of cash that she scraped together and is going to see a man who will probably rip her off. This woman is not what you think, she is receiving an illegal abortion by an untrained surgeon. Many have said that abortion is a crime against humanity, taking away the innocent lives of unborn children. Though, the real crime would be to rob women of their rights and well-being. Abortions should stay legal because the absence of legal abortions will mean rise in dangerous illegal abortions, abortions are a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s right, and motherhood has a negative effect on women who arenÃ¢â¬â¢t ready. If abortions are banned, it will only provoke illegal abortions, which are particularly hazardous toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Men can undergo any procedure they want without controversy, the same should be applicable to women. All humans should receive equal rights. Many have argued fetuses should receive these rights as well, but embr yos are only a clump of cells and comparing it to an infant would be absurd (Peikoff). Ã¢â¬Å"We must not confuse potentiality with actuality. An embryo is a potential human being.Ã¢â¬ (Peikoff). Fetuses are potential humans which, if the woman chooses, can be developed. Therefore once again, the women should have a legal alternative. Even if the mother chooses to keep the child, it might not be the right time in other aspects. There are many things to consider before planning for a baby. The women should be physically, emotionally, financially, and mentally ready for a child. It has been proven that babies born into a safe environment are healthier in general (Arthur). It would be irresponsible to raise a baby into a hectic environment. Some women are just not ready for babies (Arthur).Most women do not have the support of their loved ones when having an unplanned pregnancy. Without considering these factors, having a baby will ruin not only the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s future but the futu re of her baby as well. Pregnancy is a consequence of unprotected sex, but motherhood should not be a punishment. Motherhood can be wonderful only if it comes at the right time, but if it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t, it would be better off for the baby and the mother to abort.Show MoreRelatedAbortions Should Remain Legal Essay1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Abortion has been preformed for over thousands of years. It was first started for the fear among the Ã¢â¬Å"nativeÃ¢â¬ Anglo-Saxon women. They believed that the population would be dominated by the children of the incoming immigrants, who had higher birth rates at the time. In the mid-to-late 1800s, states began legalizing abortion but antiseptics were unfamiliar, hospitals were not common, and doctors did not have the knowledge to understand abortion. As years went on, the scientific method began to takeRead MoreAbortion in Canada Should Remain Legal1798 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Abortion is not a crime in Canada but it is an area of the lawÃ¢â¬ (Duhaime, 2010) that isnÃ¢â¬â¢t black and white. It has been completely legal since 1988 and our government should keep it that way. For as much as some people are anti-abortion or Ã¢â¬Ëpro-lifeÃ¢â¬â¢ they need to understand that women have abortions for a variety of reasons one being that an abortion can actually benefit the unborn child. Those who are anti-choice also claim that abortion is wrong because it violates the rights of the fetus, butRead More Should Abortion Remain Legal? Essay1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconstitutional right to an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy. Before the CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s ruling, a majority of states prohibited abortion, although most allowed an exception when pregnancy threatened the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life. The Court overturned these state prohibitions in Roe v. Wade. The Court ruled that states could restrict abortions only during the final three months of pregnancy, a stage when medical experts considered the fetus capable of Ã¢â¬Å"meaningful lifeÃ¢â¬ outside the womb. The abortion debate has becomeRead MoreShould Abortion Remain Legal? The United States?1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 22 October 2015 Should Abortion Remain Legal in the United States? Approximately 57 million unborn children have been affected by the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to legalize abortion since the Roe vs. Wade court case according to a study conducted by the Director of Education and Research at the National Right to Life Educational Trust Fund, Dr. Randall K. OÃ¢â¬â¢Bannon. If abortion remains legalized in the United States, it will only continue to contribute to the dangers of abortion that women are facedRead MoreEssay about Abortion Should Remain Legal1943 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAbortion, one of the most controversial ongoing issues, has become common in the United States. There are a lot of reasons defending the legalization of abortion. However, understanding the medical information and perspectives on abortion can solve this controversial issue. Unlike the common knowledge that abortion is performed in an unsafe setting and has the potential long-term complications, abortion is actually performed by professions and has few complications if it is performed within twelveRead MoreEssay On Abortion917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswomen in the United States today. Abortion is defined as the process of terminating a pregnancy through medical practice; this procedure became legal in 1973. Over the years, overly restrictive laws have been placed on the act of abortion by the pro-life movement, and now more than ever, the government is working to ban abortion altogether; for now, however, it is still legal in the majority of states in the United States, including Iowa. Abortion should remain legal in the United States for many reasonsRead MoreKeeping Abortion Legal1032 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescause a therapeutic abortion, so Ann was subjected to horrid treatment including throwing her against walls and choking her. When Ann left her boyfriend, she was not allowed to get an abortion, and her baby was born with extreme brain damage. She says Ã¢â¬Å"A simple legal abortion would have spared me so much anguish, so much torment and sufferin gÃ¢â¬ ¦ What was gained by laws that kept me pregnant against my will? Nothing, except the rapist got away with his crimeÃ¢â¬ (AnnÃ¢â¬â¢s Story 1). Abortion is a highly debatedRead MorePersuasive Essay On Abortion1598 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNot every abortion story can be this tragic, but then again, it should not have to be. Women do not need valid reasons to decide what they think would be best for their future; it is ultimately their decision. What if abortion was illegal? Many women, who are determined to terminate their pregnancy, will find a way; whether it be an unsafe intake of pills, or a dangerous and expensive back-alley abortion. Numerous people beleive it to be immoral, murderous, dangerous, pointless, and should only beRead MoreAbortion is Every Womans Right Essay976 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand women believe that abortion should be illegal in America, rather than the 42% that believe that it is appropriate for abortion to remain legal (Poll: Majority of Americans Ar e Pro-Life for the First Time). Those that are pro-life believe that a child is born into this world with a purpose, and if a pregnancy results in an abortion, godÃ¢â¬â¢s plan for the child in this world will be disrupted (DÃ¢â¬ËSilva). A fetus has a heartbeat 21 days after being conceived, so anti- abortion protesters believe abortingRead MoreAdoption, NOT Abortion Essay934 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesNowadays, abortion has become a controversial issue because people are becoming more aware of the issue that abortion brings to society and the individual who is going through the abortion .In recent years, however, society has become very open-minded, and as a result pro-life and pro-choice groups have been able to sway the American publicÃ¢â¬â¢s view of abortion. Abortion became legal in 1973 when Roe vs. Wade declared that a woman has the right to choose if she wishes to continue with her pregnancy
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
and burglary as strikes for purposes of imposing a life sentence without parole (Sutton, 2013). Mandatory minimums take away the discretion of the judge in sentencing. These officials are bound by statute to place offenders behind bars. Because these statutes are put into place, the judge is not allowed to hand down alternative punishments, nor do they give them the opportunity to prescribe treatment or a change to rehabilitate. Such laws also hold racial discriminatory factors (USSC, 2011). Determinate sentences are those in which the offender is given a fixed term that might be reduced based on good behavior or earned time. There is usually underlying expectations on the amount of punishment and a set release date with no review byÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Sentencing guidelines are a mechanism used to apply determinate sentencing. They are a set of standards that are put in place to establish rational and consistent sentencing methods. These are set for cases that were tried because of racial disparities and biases in the courts. They are set in particular jurisdictions. These guidelines were put in place to limit the discretion of the judicial system and limit the disparities that are present in the courts as well as to promote more rational and informed sentencing policies. In addition, these guidelines are a system of recommended sentences that are based upon offender and offence characteristics. Offense characteristics are rules that set the standards for the seriousness of the offense in most sentence guidelines. This classification is typically based on how the crime is seen by legislatures. It is not determined on how the offender committed a certain crime. For example, theft that occurred on an unoccupied building would be categorized as less serious than assault with a weapon. The characteristics of an offender are things that are unique to the individual. These could be things such as the number and type of past offenses whether they are felonies, misdemeanors, or juvenile delinquencies. In other instances, they can be whether an offender was under a custody status at the time of the offense (Frase Mitchell, 2016). The characteristics of both of these entities are then placed on a
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The canonization process has existed in Catholic religion for centuries. This process is steeped with history, as well as tradition, and rewards people for their unwavering commitment and faith to Catholicism. The process is long, arduous, expensive, and eventually requires authorization from the highest of Catholic officials. This paper will review the history, requirements, and financial expenses involved in the process of canonization into sainthood. History Saints are human, like us, but they personify divine power and have privileged contact with the supernatural. Saints perform miracles, receive visions, and are in love with the spirit. They truly are Ã¢â¬Å"the chosen fewÃ¢â¬ (Dunn-Mascetti, 1994). As Catholics we refer to saints as people who are extremely holy; living their lives as perfect Christians, thus allowing them the right to serve God, on a personal level, in heaven (Schreck, 2004). Canonization is the process in which the pope declares a deceased constituent of the faithful is projected as a model and intercessor to the Christian principles and recognized as a saint due to living their life in a heroic manner or becoming a martyr because of their continued faith to God (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). This persons name is then inducted into the canon of saints, citing those who are to be given veneration universally into the church. Canonization is an earthly decision, meaning it honors them as a saint on earth, not their entry into heaven (Bunson, M. , Bunson S. Bunson, M. , 1998). According to Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell (2000), canonization originated during the early formulation of the Christian doctrines of worship, invocation, and intercession. The faithful believed that martyrs were true Christians and saints because they made the supreme sacrifice, by giving their lives, for God, the Gospel, and the good of the church. Their suffering earned them eternal life. Toward the end of the great Roman persecutions, the veneration of martyrs was extended to confessors, those who defended and suffered for their faith, but did not die doing so. Those confessors who had been excellent Christians, in austerity and penance, were now eligible to be rewarded with sainthood (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). Ã¢â¬Å"The first formal canonization came in year 993, when Pope John XV raised Ulric of Augsburg to the altars during a synod at the Lateran BasilicaÃ¢â¬ . As you will see, the qualifications for canonization in the later years became more stringent after previous inductees were found to be of imperfect sanctity (Bunson et al, 1998, p. 17). Requirements The process for canonization is divided into two phases; diocesan and Roman, or apostolic. When a person dies, and it is determined they lived a perfect and holy Christian life, a formal process for canonization is initiated. In the diocesan phase, the investigation is guided by the procedural law of the 1983 Code of Canon Law, by the diocesan bishop who formally conducts the process where the candidate died. A cause defined as Ã¢â¬Å"recentÃ¢â¬ is one where the personÃ¢â¬â¢s eligibility for sainthood can be corroborated through the disposition of eye-witnesses, and can only begin after a five years following the death of the candidate. A cause defined as Ã¢â¬Å"ancientÃ¢â¬ is where the evidence of virtues or martyrdom can be gathered only from written sources, subsequently, there is no time limit for this cause (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). The postulator, a person approved by the bishop and responsible for the presentation of evidence for authenticity, also agrees to bear the moral and financial expense of the cause. Their primary job is to supervise the investigation and to determine the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s fitness for canonization, by researching their life, work, and holiness. After the diocesan phase is complete, the postulator will reside in Rome where he will develop the formal argument for canonization with the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, which is comprised of cardinals and bishops. During this time, the postulator will create a Positio, a book containing an account of the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s life and virtue (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). In the diocesan phase, information, both positive and negative, on the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s life, work, and holiness are collected and documented to establish the validity for the petition to canonize. In order for the nominee to advance to the next step, their published writings will be submitted for approval to two theological censors, selected by the bishop, and will be graded on doctrine and moral teachings. Other writings from the candidate will then presented to a historical commission, also selected by the bishop, which will conclude this particular phase. Evidence must clearly show that the candidate lived a life of faith, hope and charity beyond that of a common Christian (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). The Roman, or postolic, phase commences when the acts of the diocesan process have been turned over to the Congregation for the causes of Saints, and they have declared the cause as Ã¢â¬Å"validÃ¢â¬ . At this point a Ã¢â¬Å"relatorÃ¢â¬ , an official of the Congregation, will be appointed and will assist in the creation of the Positio. Another official of the Congregation, known as the Ã¢â¬Å"promoter of faithÃ¢â¬ , will be accountable for the assessment of the cau se by historical and theological consultants to whom the Positio may be submitted for their endorsement. At last, all of this information is submitted to the Congregation for the causes of Saints, who will then forward it to the pope upon their endorsement. If the pope determines the candidate as suitable for canonization, a Bull of Canonization is issued, infallibly affirming the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s perfection of the saintÃ¢â¬â¢s life and distinguishing their role as a divine intercessor; thus becoming a saint (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). Even through the long, demanding process involving in-depth research, historical study, and theological manifestation, the decision to canonize lies solely with the pope, and requires a confirmation from God in the way of two miracles, which is scrutinized heavily by the Congregation. Miracles are a product of divine intervention and reinforce the candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s holiness as a servant of God. Martyrs are exempt from this miracle requirement because the act of sacrificing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life is viewed as the perfection of charity; they need not prove their worthiness in miracles (Molinari OÃ¢â¬â¢Donnell, 2000). Financial Expense The tremendously long hours of interviews, research, travel, and other intangibles make the canonization process an exhaustive event. The thoroughness of the process comes at a steep price. After sainthood is declared, the expenses include paintings representing the new saint which is given to the pope, cardinals, and other officials of the Congregation for the causes of Saints. Other expenses include decorations of the Basilica, Pontifical Mass, Sacred Vestments, and incidental expenses that make for a sizeable bill to the postulator of the cause. For example the final expenses for the canonization by Saint Leo XIII of Saint Anthony Maria Zaccaria and Saint Peter Fourier came to the total of 221,849. 10 Italian lira. When we convert that to the U. S. dollar, the total becomes $42,816. 87 (Beccari, 1907). Conclusion Canonization has long been a tradition in Catholicism that goes all the way back to year 993. The process is a thorough procedure that involves intensive investigation of a nominee and standard they maintained in their Christian and personal life. The requirements are tightly scrutinized, and for good reason, due to the nature of the appointment to saint. A saint is in personal contact with God in heaven; we worship and pray to them. We rely, trust, and place our faith in the pope and Congregation to make the right decision, to allow only the most deserving and most holy to be rewarded with the highest honor the church can bestow upon a human being. The cost is great, but the return on the investment is heavenly.
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Sir Gawain existed in late medieval England, where romance and folklore was prevalent, while Beowulf lived in the times when the Anglo-Saxon's migrated, hence the narrator's visions both differed from what they believed constituted a true hero. "Beowulf" written as an epic poem, dictates the idea of a hero as someone who is viewed as a savior to his people. Beowulf has one duty: he must fight to win. If he succeeds, he is a hero, if he fails he would be viewed a failure. The narrator illustrates a hero as a loyal, honorable, and courageous person, all of which Beowulf exemplifies. Beowulf risks his life countless times for immortal glory and for the good of his people. Beowulf's ability to put his people before himself, mark him honorable. He encounters hideous monsters and the most ferocious of beasts, but never fears the threat of death. His power surmounts twenty men in one arm alone, additionally his leadership qualities make him a superb hero in the eyes of his fellow men. For example, when Beowulf is fighting Grendel's mother, who is seeking revenge on her son's death, he is able to slay her by slashing the monster's neck with a Giant's sword that can only be lifted by a person as strong as Beowulf. When he chops off her head, he carries it from the ocean with ease, but it takes four men to lift and carry it back to Herot mead-hall. This strength is a key trait of Beowulf's heroism. His loyalty and the ability to think of himself last, allows all to view him with the utmost respect. Beowulf ventured out to help the Danes with complete sincerity, an unusual occurrence in the time of war and widespread fear. He set a noble example for all humans relaying the necessity of brotherhood and friendship. His loyal and courageous attributes are what set him apart from someone who can merely kill a monster. In the final line, the narrator clearly acknowledges Beowulf's true kingship, "They said that he was of world-kings the mildest of men and the gentlest, kindest to his people, and most eager for fame." Beowulf's ability to put his people's welfare before his own exemplifies his strong belief in fate. His belief is, if he dies in battle it is because his destiny was to do so. He always explains his death wishes before going into battle and requests to have any assets delivered to his people. "And if death does take me, send the hammered mail of my armor to Higlac, return the inheritance I had from Hrehtel, and from Wayland." Beowulf is aware he will be glorified in life or death for his actions. He knows that when he fights an enemy like Grendel or Grendel's mother he will achieve immortality as the victor or the loser. Even with the enormous amount of confidence Beowulf possesses, he understands fate will work it's magic and he could be killed at any point in his life. He faces reality by showing no fear and preparing for a positive or fatal outcome. Stated by Beowulf in the text, "Fate will unwind as it must!" In this line he realizes the dangers of battle, but fears nothing for his own life. In comparison the narrator in "Sir Gawain and The Green Knight" links heroism to chivalry, which includes bravery, honor and courtesy. Sir Gawain shows his bravery by shying away from nothing and no one. He proves his honor and courtesy to everyone he meets by showing respect to all whether or not he receives it back. He in the end proves he is a "true" Knight. In medieval England the idea of fighting for others survival was no longer the primary focus, instead the hero fought for his own ideals, which is evident in "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight". Yet a romantic hero can be described almost as an epic one; he is loyal, honorable and courageous. The knight, however, must possess courtly skills and be careful not to be led into temptation by ulterior motives. His task can be looked upon, perhaps, as spiritual rather than physical, as shown in Beowulf, because Gawain's setting implies a state of peace and harmony. The knight
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Civil Rights Movement and The Clansman essays "The film is many things: repulsive, naive, biased, simplistic, historically inaccurate and astonishing in its view of history and racist glorification of the KKK. Yet it tremendously significant and powerful work of art with extraordinary effect and brilliantly-filmed sequences" (Dirks). The movie was based on one man's simple but yet repulsive story. The flaw in past American actions that can well be seen is in a group of white men named the Klu Klux Klan, who were re-influenced into their hateful rage by one man's Romantic novel, called The Clansman. The book, The Clansman-An Historical Romance of the Klu Klux Klan, was written by Thomas Dixon Jr. Growing up during the reconstruction era, he was imbued with the folk image of the Klan as the savior of the south (Kinney). When he grew up he wrote 22 novels and plays about social defects, but before that he was a southern minister. He befriended 3 presidents, including Woodrow Wilson (Cook) who he attended John Hopkins University with. As a student reading Darwin, Huxley, and Spencer, he suffered a brief period of religious doubt. But he rebounded stronger and went on to lecture on denying blacks of political equality and denying women of working out of the house (Kinney) All though, his work is mainly shunned, Dixon clearly foreshadowed the politicized television evangelists of the modern south. Perhaps the main reason he wrote the book was to express his ideas on what he felt would happen in real life. From his own beliefs, black men were horrible crazy men with only one thing on their mind, while women were innocent and helpless. With these two characters there needed to be a hero and so knowing from his own standards that the clan was the savior of the south and perhaps the nation, he used the clansman to serve as the hero in the novel, the super most being in the whole story. The book its self is a vivid portrayal of the aspects of the reconstruction. For example, the idea ...
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Leonardo Da Vinci Perpetual Machine - Assignment Example The model presented in the picture is probably the simplest among them, but it is definitely as good as others are. The main purpose of such layout was to create asymmetry using additional physical effects. This hypothetical perpetual wheel would revolve around its axis, and the metal pellets placed in the sections of the wheel would roll over, creating unevenness in load distribution and making the wheel keep on moving. However, eventually, Da Vinci admitted that the construction of a working perpetual machine is impossible. Commenting this conclusion, Da Vinci wrote that, interpreted into modern language, when the pellet (i.e. the weight) placed in one of the sections Ã¢â¬Å"moves farther from the pivot, the gravitational torque on it increases, but also the moment of inertia of the wheel is increased at the same time, which makes the gravitational torque less effective in increasing or sustaining motion of the wheelÃ¢â¬ (Simanek). In other words, the obtain effect is eventually zero. Moreover, Da Vinci concluded that every mechanical system inevitably loses its power through friction (Capra). Later, and especially at the dawn of the 20 century (intensive industrialization), the inventors tried to improve older prototypes of perpetual machines, but these attempts proved to be failure due to laws of physics (e.g. the principle of perpetual motion virtually violates two first laws of thermodynamics (Roy). In the end, the idea of a mechanism producing free energy without any outside sources or fuel was condemned as